Forensic Oral Pathology Journal - FOPJ (eISSN 2027-7628)
 

 
 

ABSTRACT ID - FOPJ00012

Forensic Oral Pathology Journal - FOPJ
Volume 2 Number 3. Published in March 2011 (eISSN 2027-7628)
Copyright © Syllaba Press International Inc. 2009-2012 ®. All rights reserved.

The FOPJ in 2012 publisher three issues per year in March, July and November by Syllaba Press International Inc., Suite 722-4586, 1900 N. W. 97th Avenue, Doral, Florida 33172, USA. Article of Reflections, Case Reports, Original Articles, Short Communication, Subject Revision, Legislation and An Image in Forensic Oral Pathology may be in Spanish or English Languages.

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Dental Professionals and Bioterrorism.
Profesionales Odontólogos y Bioterrorismo.

Faraz M.1, Arishiya T.F.2

1. Assistant Professor, Oral Pathology & Microbiology, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital & Research Centre, Bangalore (India)
2. Assistant Professor, Oral Medicine & Radiology, Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital & Research Centre, Bangalore (India).


ABSTRACT: Bioterrorism is entrenched in the ancient past. The twentieth century, with its major and minor attacks saw the research and development of biological weapons which are capable of immune destruction to life. The opening years of this new millennium have presented a new and worrisome prospect to the community, the threat of fatal infectious diseases from biological agents which are being deliberately released. The events surrounding September 11, 2001 (“9/11”) and its aftermath attacks with Bacillus anthracis have raised the specter of the use of biological agents as weapons. Bioterrorist actions, natural catastrophes and emerging infectious diseases can quickly overwhelm the existing medical capacity. Surge demands usually arise in an unpredicted location, placing great burden on existing local and regional emergency system. Clearly, a surge response resource is needed to fulfill this demand. With little additional skills and training the dental professionals would be valuable additions to clear of such demands. This article attempts to provide a perspective on the threat of bioterrorism, the consequences of its use, the likely biological agents that may be used, and their pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, management of the patients infected and the surveillance response. Copyright © Syllaba Press International Inc. 2009-2012. ® All rights reserved.

Key words: Bioterrorism, Biological agents, Infectious disease, Dental professionals, Surveillance.

RESUMEN: El bioterrorismo se encuentra arraigado desde el pasado antiguo. El siglo XX, con sus ataques de mayor y menor envergadura, vio la investigación y el desarrollo de armas biológicas capaces de destruir inmunológicamente a la vida. Los primeros años de este nuevo milenio, han presentado una nueva y preocupante perspectiva para las poblaciones, la amenaza de enfermedades infecciosas mortales producidas por agentes biológicos liberados intencionalmente. Los hechos relativos al 11 de septiembre del 2001 ("9/11") y sus ataques posteriores con Bacillus anthracis, han revivido el fantasma de la utilización de agentes biológicos como armas. Las actividades bioterroristas, las catástrofes naturales y la aparición de enfermedades infecciosas pueden desbordar rápidamente la capacidad médica existente. Innumerables demandas suelen surgir en lugares imprevistos, poniendo gran peso en sus sistemas locales y regionales de emergencia. Es evidente la necesidad de aumento en los recursos de respuesta para cubrir estas demandas. Con pocas habilidades adicionales y entrenamiento, los profesionales odontólogos pueden constituirse en un valioso recurso a tales requerimientos. Este artículo intenta ofrecer una perspectiva sobre la amenaza y consecuencias del bioterrorismo, los agentes biológicos probables que se pueden utilizar, su patogenia, presentación clínica, diagnóstico, manejo de los pacientes infectados y la res-puesta de vigilancia. Copyright © Syllaba Press International Inc. 2009-2012. ® All rights reserved.

Palabras clave:
Bioterrorismo, Agentes biológicos, Enfermedades infecciosas, Odontólogos, Vigilancia.

 CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Faraz, Mohammed. BDS, MDS
Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital & Research Centre, Bangalore (India)
Fellow of International Academy of Oral Oncology (IAOO), UK.
Director of Indian Academy of Dentistry (IAD)
Email: jogalkasti@yahoo.co.in

Arishiya, Thapasum F. BDS, MDS
Dr Syamala Reddy Dental College Hospital & Research Centre, Bangalore (India)
Member of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine & Radiology (IAOMR)
Email: drarishiya@gmail.com